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Y-chromosome DNA testing of Bolt male descendants commenced in May 2003. Autosomal DNA testing of all Bolt
descendants commenced in 2009.

PROJECT GOALS
:
  • To establish familial connections between early colonial Bolt settlers
  • To establish a connection to Bolts in Britain/Europe
  • To connect previously "unconnected" Bolt lines
  • To discover if any surname variations are related, i.e.: Boult, Bolte, Boalt, Boldt, etc.

PROJECT PROSPECTS:

All qualifying Bolts and surname derivatives are welcome to participate in the Bolt DNA Project, however, we are actively
seeking the following list of potential participants:

  • Any males with the Bolt surname in Britain, especially in the areas of Devon, England, and Cornwall for Y-chromosome testing
  • Direct descendant on an unbroken all FEMALE line from Rebecca Meherg for mitochondrial DNA testing
  • Direct descendant on an unbroken all FEMALE line from Mary Bolt Garrard for mitochondrial DNA testing
  • Direct descendant on an unbroken all FEMALE line from Frances Garrard Barron, b. 1770 for mitochondrial DNA testing
  • Direct descendant on an unbroken all FEMALE line from Sarah Bolt Nash b. May 1788 for mitochondrial DNA testing
  • Male descendants with the Bolt surname of Robert Bolt Sr.'s son, James
  • Male descendants with the Bolt surname of any early Virginia Bolt settlers: i.e., Thomas Bolt, Annis Boult, Amias Bolt, etc.
  • Male descendant with the Bolt surname of John Bolt Sr.'s son, James
  • ALL male descendants of Robert Bolt Sr. with the Bolt surname to DNA test with the purpose of establishing
    an ancestral haplotype (DNA signature) for Robert Bolt Sr. and his sons.
  • Male descendants with the Bolt surname of Benjamin Bolt's sons: Aaron Bolt b. 1796, Abraham, b. 1800
    and Benjamin, b. 1803
BOLT HAPLOTYPE #1 - Robert Bolt Sr.


PARTICIPANTS' ANCESTRY
  • John Bolt #1 and #4 descendants are through son, Charles Bolt Sr.
  • John Bolt #2 and #3 descendants are through son, John "Mean Johnny" Bolt Jr.
  • Descendant of Lucinda Moles, and tradition states Isaac Bolt, son of John "Mean Johnny" Bolt Jr.
  • Robert Bolt Jr. descendant is through son, John Bolt Esq.
  • Abraham Bolt descendant is through son, John Bolt
    DYS#
Name *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a
3
8
5
b
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
|
1
3
9
2
3
8
9
|
2
4
5
8
4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
a
4
6
4
b
4
6
4
c
4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A

H
4
Y
C
A

I
I

a
Y
C
A

I
I

b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y

a
C
D
Y

b
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
3
9
5
S
1
a
3
9
5
S
1
b
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
4
0
6
S
1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
a
4
1
3
b
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
John Bolt #1 R1b1 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 28 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 14 18 16 37 37 12 12                                                            
John Bolt #2 R1b1 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 28 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 14 18 16 37 38 12 12                                                            
John Bolt #3 R1b1 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 28 15 16 17 17                                                                                    
John
Bolt #4
R1b1 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 28 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 16 14 18 16 37 38 12 12                                                            
Moles  R1b1 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 28 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 14 18 16 37 38 12 12                                                            
Robert Bolt Jr. R1b1 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 28 14 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 14 17 16 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
Abraham Bolt  R1b1 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 28 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 14 18 16 38 38 12 12                                                            

 
 

The markers in red are considered to be "fast-moving" markers, which means they are more susceptible to an increased rate of mutation.  Y-chromosome DNA mutates on an average of once in a 200-year period.

The Haplogroup (ethnic origin) results are for haplogroup R1b, the most common European group.  Some of the participants are also "WAMH" which stands for Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype.  Benjamin's haplogroup is "I", which originated in northwest Europe, primarily found in Scandinavian and Scottish populations.

Data submitted on July 1, 2005 to Kerchner's Surname Projects YSTR Haplotype Mutation Rate Log for Robert Bolt Sr.'s Deduced Ancestral Haplotype. See:
Unique Transmission Events (UTE) Descent Chart
DYS Chart Indicating Unique Mutations

ROBERT BOLT SR AUTOSOMAL DNA MATCH

In October 2009, several Bolt descendants experimented with a new form of testing through a company called 23andMe which uses autosomal DNA.  This type
of DNA recombines so may not always show up in descendants.  However, two Bolt female descendants, one from the Robert Jr. line and one from the John Sr. line discovered a matching segment (.07%) on chromosome 12.  This small segment would have been passed to these descendants from Robert Bolt Sr. and/or his wife, Elizabeth.

Autosomal Bolt DNA Match

 In February 2011, Family Finder autosomal DNA results revealed matching segments between three Bolt descendants in the 4th-5th cousin range:
Bolt DNA segment match

The following participants are descended from Benjamin Bolt, son of Sarah Bolt.  Since Sarah was a female, the Bolt Y-chromosome from
Robert Bolt Sr. was not passed to her.  However, the ancestral haplotype (DNA signature) for Benjamin should someday assist in revealing his paternity.

    DYS#
Ancestor Name *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a
3
8
5
b
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
|
1
3
9
2
3
8
9
|
2
4
5
8
4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
a
4
6
4
b
4
6
4
c
4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A

H
4
Y
C
A

I
I

a
Y
C
A

I
I

b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y

a
C
D
Y

b
4
4
2
4
3
8
Benjamin Bolt #1 I 13 20 14 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 26 12 14 16 17 11 9 19 21 15 15 17 18 36 36 12 10
Benjamin Bolt #2 I 13 20 14 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 17 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 26 12 14 16 17                        

The follow participant is descended from William Parker Bolt.
    DYS#
Name *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a
3
8
5
b
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
|
1
3
9
2
3
8
9
|
2
4
5
8
4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
a
4
6
4
b
4
6
4
c
4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A

H
4
Y
C
A

I
I

a
Y
C
A

I
I

b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y

a
C
D
Y

b
4
4
2
4
3
8
William Parker Bolt  R1b1 13 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 17 8 10 11 11 24 15 19 31 15 15 17 17                        

PROJECT RESULTS:
Y-chromosome DNA testing conclusively shows that first seven participants in Group #1 share a common Bolt ancestor. These results reinforce and validate the data contained in the bible transcription; Robert Bolt Sr. as the common ancestor. 

*Ancestral haplotype (DNA signature) - DNA matches between 6th cousins, reveals the pattern of Robert Bolt Sr.'s Y-DNA, also known as a ancestral haplotype. The more Bolt males to DNA test and match, the more Robert Sr.'s DNA pattern will be revealed and established.  

(For definitions on DNA terminology, please visit ISOGG's Glossary

UNDERSTANDING THE RESULTS:
In November 2004, Family Tree DNA introduced a program called "FTDNATiP" (Family Tree DNA Time Predictor)
that calculates the probability of a common ancestor using DNA matches and it also allows for genealogical
data input.  The Abraham and John 25-marker match produced a result of a 94.15% probability of a common 
ancestor in the last 300 years.  
To learn more: 
12-markers
25-markers

37-markers

DNA COLLECTION METHOD:

The DNA is extracted painlessly from buccal cells (saliva/cheek cells)
Click here for an example of how a DNA sample is collected.

ELIGIBILITY:

Only males with the Bolt surname (or a variation) are eligible to participate in the Y-chromosome DNA testing.  If the Bolt surname was obtained by the male through adoption, or the taking of a stepfather's surname, then the DNA test will also not work as far as revealing relation to others with the Bolt surname. An inheritance chart shows the path that the DNA follows through the generations. It is highly recommended that you view the video and read through the "FAQ" page to learn more about genetic genealogy and it's success stories.  PLEASE NOTE:  Females do not have a Y-chromosome, which is what's utilized in surname DNA testing.  However, females can participate by recruiting male relatives to DNA test, and some females may be able to participate through mtDNA (mitochondrial) testing. The mtDNA test is NOT used in surname testing, but rather, it reveals a relationship between two females on their direct maternal lines.  It may be possible to use the mtDNA test on a direct female descendant of Mary Bolt Garrard, and a direct female descendant of Rebecca Meherg, to discover if Rebecca was indeed a Bolt.
*NEW* in 2010 - ALL Bolt descendants are welcome to join the Bolt DNA Project if they order or have already taken
Family Tree DNA's new Family Finder autosomal DNA test.

DNA TEST PRICING:

The Bolt DNA Project begins with the 37-marker Y-DNA test which receives the special group discount pricing through Family Tree DNA of $119 + $4 shipping.  The group discounted rate for the mtDNA (mitochondrial) test is $99 + $4 shipping.  The mtDNA test can be taken by males and females.

Family Tree DNA recently established a "General Fund" option for people to contribute funds towards the cost of DNA testing.  A General Fund contribution can also be made "in memory" of someone.  Click here to contribute to the Bolt General Fund.

DNA testing scholarships are available for male BOLT surnamed residents of Great Britain - please contact me for qualifying details.

TO JOIN THE BOLT DNA PROJECT

Questions? Contact the Bolt DNA Project Admin:
Katherine Bolt
(Volunteer - not employed by, or affiliated with any DNA testing company)

Member of:
International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG)

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.

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Page last updated: 02/18/11
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